The balance between calories intake and energy expenditure determines a person’s weight. At present, we know that there are many factors that contribute to obesity, some of which are:

  • Genetics: A person is more likely to develop obesity if one or both parents are obese.
  • Overeating: Overeating leads to weight gain, especially if the diet is high in fat.
  • Slow metabolism: Women have less muscle than men. Muscle burns more calories than men. Muscle burns more calories than other tissue Which included fat). As a result, women have a slower have a tendency to put on more weight than men, and weight loss is more difficult for women.
  • Physical Inactivity: The National Health an Examination Survey (NHANES) showed that physical inactivity was strongly correlated with weight gain in both sexes.
  • Medications: Medications associated with weight gain include certain antidepressant; anti-convulsants. Weight gain may also be seen with some high blood pressure medications and antihistamines.
  • Psychological Factor: For some people, emotions influence eating habits. Many people eat excessively in response to emotions such as boredom, sadness, stress or anger.
  • Diseases such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.
    ack of sleep may also contribute to obesity.


Health Risks :

  • Gallbladder disease and gallstones.
  • Fatty liver disease.
  • Gastro esophageal reflux.
  • Osteoarthritis, a disease in which the joints deteriorate. (book take) This is possibly the result of excess weight on the joints.
  • Gout, another disease affecting the joints.
  • Pulmonary (breathing) problems, including sleep apnea, which causes a person to stop breathing for a short time during sleep.
  • Reproductive problems in women. Including menstrual irregularities and infertility.

Doctor’s providers generally agree that the more obese a person is, the more likely he or she is to develop health problems.

Psychological and Social Effects :

Emotional suffering may be one of the most painful parts of obesity. Many people thing that individuals with obesity are gluttonous, lazy or both. Feelings of rejection, shame or depression may occur.

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